Nepal has around 900 endemic bird species

Birdwatching in Nepal

Birdwatching in Nepal

Nepal is spread 880 kilometers along the Himalayan range and 193 kilometers wide, with altitudes ranging from 8849 meters on Mt. Everest to 70 meters in the Terai lowlands. As a result of its biodiverse topography, Nepal is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. According to the Checklist of Birds of Nepal (2020), there are over 900 bird species in Nepal, 42 of which are classified globally endangered. Around 150 species of migratory birds travel to Nepal during the winter months to breed and nest while escape the harsh cold of the Northern Hemisphere.

Birdwatching in Lumbini

The protected archaeological site of Maya Devi temple, nestled within Lumbini garden, is one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage destinations. The region of Lumbini is well-known for being the birthplace of Siddhrtha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, but it is less known for its profusion of birdlife. Lumbini’s rich green floral gardens, sprawling farmlands, and densely forested wetlands provide great habitat for indigenous birds. The Lumbini region is home to over 300 indigenous bird species, making it a popular destination for avid birdwatching enthusiasts.
The seasonal rivers of Telar, Tinau, Sundi and Dano in the area are considered important ecological factors for birds. The 556-acre Jagadishpur Reservoir, located 30 kilometers west of Lumbini, is Nepal’s largest artificial lake. The reservoir provides perfect breeding, nesting and foraging habitat for birds.

The Sarus Crane

Lumbini has the densest population of the Sarus Crane, the world’s largest flying bird. A unique bird that is threatened globally, yet frequently breeds in the region. The Sarus Crane is seen as a sign of love and happiness by Terai residents. They believe the Sarus Crane is the local ruler because it follows the same attentive behaviors as a watchdog at night.
The Lumbini Crane Sanctuary protects and conserves around 100 hectares of wetland within the Lumbini garden, is next to World Peace Pagoda. It is a preserved area where the Sarus Crane can find a safe and suitable habitat. It is estimated that about 90-100 pairs of Sarus Cranes are nesting in and around the Lumbini Masterplan area.

Birdwatching tour with Pumori Journeys

Early morning walks through gardens, farmland, and wetlands are a treat to see a plethora of local and migratory birds.
Take part in this fantastic birdwatching parade led by our local bird specialist. Because of the warm weather and numerous ponds and wetlands, Lumbini and its vicinity have become a magnet for birds. Thousands of domestic and foreign visitors travel to Lumbini solely for the purpose of birdwatching; join them.
Lumbini is a great destination for birdwatching, and it’s easy to get to, with an international airport only a 30-minute drive away.
The climate in the region is subtropical, with hot summers and an extremely humid monsoon season. The best seasons for bird watching in Lumbini are the months of February through May, as well as October to November. However, for the best bird watching opportunities, we recommend visiting during the winter months. Your birdwatching excursion can be tailored to fit your schedule, interests, and budget. We offer individuals and small groups to perform bird watching or photography expeditions.

The common local birds

Lesser Adjutant, Great Indian Hornbill, Asian Openbill, Red-wattled Lapwing, Little Bunting, Indian Spotted Eagle, Grey Heron, Purple Sunbird, Painted Stork, and Water Cock (just to name a few). These can sighted all year around foraging, running, and flying around the Sacred Garden in Lumbini.

The migratory birds

These include the Lesser Whistling-duck, Black-necked Stork, Black-headed Ibis, Little Grebe, and many more. These guest birds fly to Lumbini from different parts of the world, such as Siberia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia, and Tibet.

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